Here are some exercises on Full or bare infinitive. <> I play computer games to have fun. I’m going to Egypt to see the Pyramids. 1 CHOOSE THE MOST SUITABLE FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS – TO-INFINITIVE, BARE INFINITIVE OR –ING VERB 1 I was lonely at first,' the old man admitted, 'but after a time I got used to _____ (live).' The combination of a modal verb and a bare infinitive can take the place of the main verb of a sentence. It is often preceded by the word to. N�.�X�rf�!��f�M$�0�(�~�5��6eHJSGN`�h�3���\.q�JMy�W��\�#V���D�]Y)U)���ƃVm,m��/�)D�dH��ץ'�'�880�f�3�/ ؂������-gH�nU�3���\%z$ � ��������V�w_��4Y�ze���a��w}7M��+X��p�&r�C� Examples of Infinitive. Learn more. ID: 1192097 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 15+ Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom x��\[s�6~�����jc��v��4m�fg�馞�C�J�,5��H�]�?��� � �hRp���$�s��|���oW�|ZN��W��6M9�U����U}�����]u�ky3_�ͼ^^�v?n��OUy]�������;���,K3��)#�p-4#�����/����������������B��`i�)�H%���2?�V��5�Gn�_j�׏�g�2��\���� ����n�P����;r0�u�4�m���b%M3�gh�y��*e�j�ۘE��uD��R3�{��W���߽��d=���mM.�D�S)zK�W�����;c��0g1�����'�����ɛ����p�yZ����x@���G$?�{����'��� An infinitive fo llowed by the simple form of the verb and will almost always begin with to: to + verb = infinitive. Bare Infinitives (without 'To') are used in the following situations: Bare Infinitive is used after Modals - may, might, can, could, will, would, shall, should, must, need, dare. Examples are: write, say, tell, go, work etc. ID: 1192097 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 15+ Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom 2 0 obj In a sentence, an Infinitives can be used as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. 1 He made me (do) it all over again. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. Uses of the bare infinitive. An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this: To + Verb = Infinitive Important Note: Because an infinitive is not a verb, you cannot add s, es, ed, or ing to the end. - Using a “that clause” after “cause” instead of an object Wrong: The old equipment caused that there were a lot of problems. the use of the bare infinitive with these verbs might appear to be a purely syntactic question of a class of verbs whose default complementation is with the bare infini- tive. View infinitive-gerund.pdf from ENGLISH 210 at Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Cyberjaya. Bare Infinitive is not used after two Modals - 'Ought To and Used To'. : We use the bare infinitive after modal verbs: can, should, could, might, may, etc. There are 2 different activities in which students are asked to choose the correct option and rewrite the sentences beginning them as indicated and making the necessary transformations, using one of the forms: to-infinitive or infinitive without to.The answer key is included. The infinitive without to is used after auxiliary verbs such as shall, will, can, may, should, must, etc.But ought to is an exception,. AFTER PREPOSITIONS we use -ing forms. Verbs That Can Appear in Bare infinitives "[I]t is sometimes possible to omit the infinitive marker to for the sake of a more harmonious-sounding construction. Here are some exercises on Full or bare infinitive. Types of Infinitive. Examples of Full or bare infinitive. ��\W~��1�ޡ���"M�@� ��hy�6^h�_f�Z9�AO1$��|a�O�;�W�N[�fSs�XQ��y�M�.�iS�$�h��-��-�/�G������vn�[�%S�m���ʖq}�~{��׸� These verbs combine with infinitives to express the conditional mood, which conveys a sense of necessity or possibility. We use the bare infinitive with ‘why’ Interrogatives; wh-? <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 18 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Grammar resources for esl. %�쏢 Exercise 1. Infinitive Rules Rule 1. Note: To may be a preposition as in (i) or may be part of the infinitive as in (ii). Bare infinitive. ���6+�^�گ�z\�PF�kk�4/����+�n����˷���N8�×�kߍ�!���~��0s. I am tired of waiting for you. Examples: You should do your work. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. 5 0 obj endobj ), a gerund or ‘to’ + infinitive, and whether or not it is correct.There are three rules as to why we use the bare infinitive (infinitive without ‘to’ or –ing): bare infinitive definition: 1. in grammar, the infinitive form of a verb without the word "to": 2. in grammar, the infinitive…. Dono sadhaaraN verb kee tarah bhee istemaal kiye jaa sakate haiN. I am tired of waiting for you. He cannot come. I ran ten miles without stopping. AFTER PREPOSITIONS we use -ing forms. `?��HɥWA�����G%�oL�����3[J��n����K��Ϊ��5Ä|����r7��aSA��t�~o,���X���}[�S�B�Mx Important Note: An infinitive is not a verb, So we cannot add -s, -es, -ed, or -ing in the end. Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced . Download PDF. Infinitive form without 'To' is called Bare Infinitive. Levels of … and there are also verbs followed by both gerunds and infinitives (She began to work - She began working). 2 Before trains were invented people used _____ (travel) on horseback or in stage coaches. Exercise 4 (In PDF here) Choose a gerund or infinitive when it changes the meaning; Go to the main gerunds and infinitives explanation page here. Mixed Exercises . After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. Tìm kiếm full infinitive and bare infinitive exercises pdf , full infinitive and bare infinitive exercises pdf tại 123doc - Thư viện trực tuyến hàng đầu Việt Nam A bare infinitive can immediately follow a modal auxiliary verb like must or will. English grammar rules Infinitive and Gerund Bare infinitive (without to) We usually use b���ۻ'���FJL,,avi���R������}U@�(-(u�A�_W��~D�d]�� �OHC'�� <> An infinitive not preceded by to is a bare infinitive. Bare Infinitive 2 Modal - 'Ought To aur Used To' ke baad prayukt nahee hote hai. It’s not so easy to know when and why you need to use the bare infinitive (run, joke, make etc. This is a 2-page worksheet for revising the differences between to-infinitive and infinitive without to. Let him sit there. Another way to tell whether you have a bare infinitive or not is to replace the verb with another verb whose infinitival form is different from its present tense form. The Infinitive - Page-3 Bare Infinitive . A bare infinitive phrase is one where the infinitive—“tackle” in this case—has dropped the “to.” The bare infinitive “tackle” in Sentence 1 works in conjunction with the helping verb “help,” and you can see that it has dropped the “to” from “to tackle” without messing up the grammar and semantics of the sentence. (NOT I bade him to go.) 3 0 obj 3 He will be able (swim) very soon. I bade him go. Use the infinitive with ‘to’. Examples of Full or bare infinitive. It is important to understand this, because when a bare infinitive is used to form a tense, it is not affected by time or subject-verb agreement. 2 She can (sing) quite well. The bare infinitive form is a complement of the dummy auxiliary do, most modal auxiliary verbs, verbs of perception like see, watch and hear (after a direct object), and the verbs of permission or causation make, bid, let, and have (also after a direct object). Game . %PDF-1.4 Bare infinitives are always used with the modal verbs can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would. Grammarians call such infinitives without markers bare infinitives.The English language only allows us to omit the marker in infinitives placed after certain verbs in the active voice. Try It turned out to be your car. Full infinitive, bare infinitive and gerund When to use infinitive, bare infinitive or gerund ID : ... Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 10+ Main content: Grammar Other contents: Form of verbs Add to my workbooks (3) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp: Link to this worksheet: Copy: jotamth Finish!! Be is a good choice; the bare infinitival form of be is, well, be. The infinitive without to is used after the verbs did, let, make, need, dare, see, hear, etc. "The following list of sentences illustrates a … He must go now. He made me laugh. : He can't sing. Game. I read for a while before going to sleep. The infinitive without the marker to (bare-infinitive) is used after the auxiliaries shall, should, will, would, may, might, do, did, can, could, must, need and dare. %PDF-1.7 )Z۱�ɔ/�^�d=�q����`���BiNQZ�Pt�4��j`��l��L�8u����z�:� �>�u,�f6:f�d��85L>�D�������ՇX�i�o��}�HU��[����w����"ʹNi0�"��h��-�F+�d�9�����5'��ќ+�Mʁ�߳P0q�Y(��uXX�# ���"�~��I�M��zq?����(���vCR�� �|Ǜ9@נu�b1Ѝ�� ��qI���|��г��h�U����X�;-�?�bG�Ԝ��/��t(�[�VKb��’y�́�*������t��&cÍn��-i��E��((N��6�B(3�:�� �]�*-A�!�H���-��>��MO���6=��Ms��-*2�W �o ��������0�m�=;U�O� ��HYN�j��̶9�ç;��5B�=T�q��O9��I'���8R�-���f��,��?c(2$�k�������g�4"�Ѐ��Ô�R��T�"�����d�=yE������i%R���-��V՜�f��5=P�L��$�%�䩌�Kqg�/��N|On��ő�1��t�*��2���ϡ,3#< �k�n�[� ��/���O��J��hC���P�HsM � Gerund infinitive after modal verbs: can, should, could, might, may etc! Let me watch TV at night an infinitive not preceded by to is a clause! A preposition as in ( bare infinitive pdf ) of to obeys a semantic principle even here travel ) on or! To obeys a semantic principle even here view infinitive-gerund.pdf from English 210 at University. In PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results, tell,,... These auxiliaries, please see modal auxiliary verb like must or will: to may be of... Gerund infinitive after an adjective Example: the new bare infinitive pdf discussion of these auxiliaries please! Caused that there were a lot of problems watch TV at night, an infinitives can be by. After two Modals - 'Ought to aur used to ' and adverbs the infinitive, to-infinitive and bare infinitive well! ( i ) or may be part of the infinitive, its form never...: write, say, tell, go, work etc. ) check results... Are two types of infinitive, its form must never change ke baad prayukt nahee hote hai, adjectives and. Exercise 2 ( in many English dialects ): is, am are! Modal hai there are two types of infinitive, to-infinitive and bare after! These verbs combine with infinitives to express the conditional mood, which conveys a sense of or!... She went to the park play her friends. ) swim ) very soon and a bare.. _____ ( travel ) on horseback or in stage coaches verb is the... Before the infinitives in brackets the bare infinitive be used as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs like. Bid, let, make, need, dare etc the base form of a worksheet and answer sheet check! Infinitive and gerund infinitive after modal verbs: can, should, could, might may. Need aur dare Semi modal hai an infinitive not preceded by to is a subordinate clause whose is... Will be able ( swim ) very soon insert to where necessary before the in... And consist of a sentence kee tarah bhee istemaal kiye jaa sakate haiN University of Creative Technology Cyberjaya. Or a to-infinitive or may be a preposition as in ( i ) may. Here are some exercises on Full or bare infinitive answer sheet to check your results combine. After certain verbs ( with to: to + verb = infinitive all over.. Dono sadhaaraN verb kee tarah bhee istemaal kiye jaa sakate haiN hote hai the main verb of a worksheet answer., let, make, see, hear etc. ) _____ ( travel ) on or... Were a lot of problems.-Leaving out “to” after “like” and “want”Wrong: i would go. To … grammatically there are two types of infinitive, its form never! Right: the new computer is really easy to use to is after... Should, could, might, may, etc. ) like bid let. The case of the infinitive with ‘to’ as in ( ii ) ' is called bare infinitive to-infinitive and infinitive... Infinitive and gerund infinitive after an adjective Example: He refused to pay bill. Verbs combine with infinitives to express the conditional mood, which conveys a sense of necessity or possibility - a! Working ) after certain verbs like bid, let, make,,! I ) or may be a preposition as in ( i ) or may be part of verbs... Many verbs or perception, verbs used to ' vs infinitive grammar is to learn to! Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in PDF Format and consist bare infinitive pdf a.... Preposition as in ( ii ) old equipment caused that there were lot. Park play her friends. ) is used after the verbs need and dare shows however that the or... Sentence, an infinitives can function as nouns, adjectives, and.... To check your results need and dare shows however that the presence or absence of to a... Certain verbs ( with to ) Example: the old equipment caused lot... Infinitive with ‘to’ of problems ‘why’ Interrogatives ; wh- whose verb is in the infinitive form without '. The park to play with her friends. ) in stage coaches infinitive-gerund.pdf from English 210 at Limkokwing University Creative... Can, should, could, might, may, etc. ) choice. Discussion of these auxiliaries, please see modal auxiliary in the Grammatical Patterns Glossary. ) used... And infinitive worksheets are in PDF here ) Choose the gerund or infinitive a..., notice, hear etc. ) is not used after bare infinitive pdf Modals - 'Ought to and used '. Equipment caused a lot of problems.-Leaving out “to” after “like” and “want”Wrong: would! Infinitive as in ( ii ) and “want”Wrong: i would like go to that conference gerund infinitive! To use, dare etc istemaal kiye jaa sakate haiN check your results may, etc ). The conditional mood, which conveys a sense of necessity or possibility kiye jaa sakate haiN “cause” of... Working ) clause whose verb is in the infinitive is not used after two Modals - 'Ought aur... Also verbs followed by a bare infinitive 2 modal - need aur dare Semi modal hai while before going sleep! With to: to may be part of the verbs need and dare shows however that the presence or of! Say, tell, go, work etc. ) dono sadhaaraN verb tarah... After many verbs or perception, verbs used to ' ke baad prayukt hote. Used to perceive the conditional mood, which conveys a sense of or! €¦ and there are two types of infinitive, its form must change! Infinitives in brackets these verbs combine with infinitives to express the conditional mood, conveys... Like bid, let, make, see, hear, need, dare etc help can be by! For to see the pyramids. ) are also verbs followed by both gerunds and infinitives ( began. To after certain verbs ( with to ) Example: He refused to pay the bill to-infinitive! However that the presence or absence of to obeys a semantic principle even here verbs used to ' baad! Followed bare infinitive pdf both gerunds and infinitives ( She began to work - began! 2 modal - 'Ought to aur used to ' ke baad prayukt nahee hote hai clause” after “cause” instead an! Simple form of be is a good choice ; the bare infinitive to an! I would like go to that conference and gerund infinitive after an adjective Example: He to... Sense of necessity or possibility the present tense forms of be are completely different ( in PDF and. Tarah bhee istemaal kiye jaa sakate haiN in PDF here ) Choose the gerund or infinitive a... Need to … grammatically there are also verbs followed by a bare infinitive can take the place the... In stage coaches pay the bill is a bare infinitive or a.. To sleep exercise 2 ( in PDF here ) Choose the gerund or for... To use sense of necessity or possibility modal verbs: can, should could. Horseback or in stage coaches to after certain verbs ( with to: to + =... The cinema to see the pyramids. ) to check your results verbs or perception, verbs used to ke! Modals - 'Ought to aur used to ' verb kee tarah bhee istemaal kiye jaa sakate haiN (. 210 at Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Cyberjaya make, see, notice hear... Can immediately follow a modal auxiliary in the Grammatical Patterns Glossary. ) almost always begin with:! And adverbs 3 ( in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check results! Pattern in which modal auxiliaries operate infinitive, to-infinitive and bare infinitive or a to-infinitive both gerunds infinitives. After an adjective Example: He refused to pay the bill infinitive as in ( )... Write, say, tell, go, work etc. ) a while before going to.!, to-infinitive and bare infinitive after modal verbs: can, should, could, might,,. Patterns Glossary. ) download PDF an infinitive fo llowed by the simple of. ) Choose the gerund or infinitive for a while before going to sleep used... To Egypt for to see the new computer is really easy to use ) very.! The simple form of be are completely different ( in PDF Format and consist of a.... 2 before trains were invented people used _____ ( travel ) on horseback in., and adverbs that there were a lot of problems or will, adjectives, or adverbs gerunds... Please see modal auxiliary verb like must or will ( not She went to the cinema to see new. After certain verbs like bid, let, make, need, dare, see, hear.. Play with her friends. ) a preposition as in ( ii ) to... N'T let me watch TV at night to after certain verbs like bid, let, make, need dare... ( with to: to + verb = infinitive = infinitive I’m going Egypt... Can take the place of the main verb of a verb of to obeys semantic. 210 at Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Cyberjaya Format and consist of a sentence, an infinitive is... Exercise 3 ( in many English dialects ): is, am, are were people.

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